A yeast infection is a condition that can affect a dog’s skin anywhere on the body, including the ears. Dog Ear Yeast Infection can be treated with oral medications such as fluconazole.
Dog Ear Yeast Infection
Natural yeast lives and grows in a dog’s body, but it becomes a problem when it grows too much. When a dog has a yeast infection on the skin, it will cause itching, especially in the areas of the mouth and legs. The dog’s skin will turn red, irritated, inflamed and develop an offensive odor. Skin irritation can cause a secondary bacterial infection. The skin in the area of infection can become hard and thick.
The reasons why a dog can develop a yeast infection include taking antibiotics (or too many antibiotics), hormonal problems, stress, a low immune system, vaccines and poor diet.
Treatment Of Yeast Infection With Fluconazole
After diagnosing a dog with a yeast infection, a veterinarian can prescribe fluconazole. Fluconazole is a medication that prevents and treats yeast infections along with fungal and ringworm infections. It is administered orally in the form of tablets.
Fluconazole attacks the growth of organisms that cause yeast infections, interfering with the enzymes that make up its cell walls. The walls or membranes of organisms are created by lanosterol, which is converted to ergosterol. A lack of ergosterol will cause the cell walls to become weak, so the organism dies. The medication is absorbed by the dogs in a period of approximately 2 hours. Ten percent of the medication is eliminated through the metabolic process; the rest is excreted in the urine.
Yeast infections can be difficult to fight, so a successful treatment can take several weeks. The amount of time a dog will need to take fluconazole will depend on the severity of the yeast infection. A dog should receive the full treatment to prevent relapse due to yeast infection and drug resistance.
Side Effects Of Fluconazole
The most common side effect of fluconazole is a loss of appetite. Other side effects, which are not as common, include vomiting, diarrhea, nausea and lack of energy. The most serious side effects include anemia, jaundice and rash. Bitches who are pregnant, nursing or who have liver or kidney disease should not be treated with fluconazole.
The signs of an allergic reaction to fluconazole are swelling of the face, itching, sudden diarrhea and hives. Other serious reactions are shock, pale gums, cold extremities, shock and coma. If a dog has any of these side effects, it should be seen by a veterinarian.
A yeast infection can be a painful, uncomfortable condition and cause a bad smell. Treatment with fluconazole can help treat the symptoms of this disease and eliminate the infection.